Education Is The Key To Success
According to the World Economic Forum (WEF) How Education Is The Key To Success, if all students in low-income countries finished school with a basic reading level, 171 million people would leave poverty, which would reduce 12 % world poverty. It is known that the development of a country in the long term is promoted through education; But what are the factors that determine that a country has a high educational level? Is it that the quality of teachers and a good infrastructure are the only determinants of a successful educational system? And finally, what is more important to ensure the well-being of the population, have more computers in the classroom or better access to water and sanitation? Well, there is no exact answer, since a good educational system depends on a multitude of factors,
Government Role In Education Sector
There are 3 main aspects in which every Government has to focus to transform the education sector: i) reduce the dropout rate, ii) ensure universal access to education and iii) improve educational quality. Likewise, these must be accompanied by an improvement in the quality of public health and infrastructure, so that the reforms take effect. However, achieving a measure that focuses on all these aspects is the difficult part.
Importance of Education
The WEF notes that education has been of vital importance in the last two decades for the economic and social development of countries. He maintains that a good education system is key to reducing the problems faced by nations and that greater access to education improves the productivity of society, which can access better jobs and, therefore, higher wages , which improves your quality of life. When this happens, crime rates, poverty, inequality are reduced and income is increased for the country, which translates into greater investments, better public health systems and, again, the continuous improvement of the education system. As stated, education is the key to ensuring sustained development and growth. So,
However, the picture is another in the region. Although between 2002 and 2013, 60 million people left poverty in Latin America, the same result did not occur in the education sector. Between 2000 and 2012, the number of children who dropped out of school increased from 3.6 to 3.8 million. According to figures from the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), only 40% of students finished high school. In addition, the Report of the International Program for the Evaluation of Students (PISA) placed the Latin American countries participating at the end of the ranking for middle-income countries.
Education Is The Key
Thus, in order to reduce the aforementioned numbers, the WEF has proposed two principles that Latin American countries must adopt in times of slow economic growth: i) a link must be created between the public sector, the private sector and NGOs adequate, including local communities in educational projects, and promoting the development of sustainable projects, in order to have a greater chance of success; and ii) educational reforms should focus on addressing social and infrastructure barriers that slow educational and literacy achievements, such as poverty, gender inequality, lack of security, and access to water and health services. Likewise, a better quality of public health must also be achieved, otherwise the impact of the reforms will be limited.
Lack Of Infrastructure
In Peru, the problem lies in the quality and lack of adequate infrastructure. Primary education records an attendance rate of 93.2% until 2013, according to figures from the Ministry of Education (Minedu); while in secondary the rate is 81.5%. The reason for a lower attendance rate at the secondary level derives from the inequality between geographical areas, since in the urban area the secondary attendance rate has been 86% until 2013, while in the rural area it is 72.1 %. On the other hand, in regards to educational quality we are still with low results. Proof of this is that in the PISA exams we always get in the last positions of the ranking for middle-income countries.
To take advantage of the benefits of modern, good quality education with universal participation, Latin America must adopt a comprehensive and strategic approach for the well-being of its future generations and the dynamism of its economy. Governments should focus on improving infrastructure, the quality of the education system and also on access to water and sanitation, public health and adequate nutrition of the population, since they are factors that influence performance of the students.